Transnational/Transatlantic approaches to literature take up the notion that literature and culture circulate across national boundaries and evolve in response to events, texts, and ideas originating in other parts of the world. Whereas older models of literary history conceived of texts as the expression of a nation's unique aesthetic ideals, Transnationalism instead seeks to trace the way texts emerge from cross- or inter-cultural exchanges. Circulation, argument, and conversation are assumed to shape any work of literary or cultural expression, and these conversations may be traced along networks not bound by traditional concepts of national, linguistic, political, or social community. In the English Department at UD transnational approaches might take any number of forms. For example, one transnational project could examine the reception of American captivity narratives in India, another could examine the influence of international sailors' writing on the imagery of late Victorian poetry. Given the strength of UD's holdings in American and British literature, many of our courses adopt a "transatlantic" focus, examining literature emerging from the cultural exchanges of Britain, the United States, and other parts of the Atlantic world.