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Prof. Gabrielle Foreman (center) with students Eileen Moscoso (left), Clay Colmon and Alyssa Ashley work on the project in 2016.
The National Endowment for the Humanities
is highlighting the Colored Conventions Project (CCP), founded and
hosted at the University of Delaware, as one of 50 projects selected for
recognition in the agency’s “NEH Essentials” list of important work it
has supported in its 52-year history.
CCP is an interdisciplinary and collaborative public humanities
project that brings decades of early African American organizing for
legal, educational and labor justice to digital life at ColoredConventions.org.
The project, led by UD faculty member P. Gabrielle Foreman,
identifies and transcribes hundreds of proceedings from the Colored
Convention movement, making these rare documents available in one place
for the first time.
Thousands of scholars, teachers, students and
community volunteers around the country have contributed to the project
by transcribing minutes for entry into the digital archive.
Beginning in 1830 and continuing through most of the 19th
century, some 200 local and national conventions were held in the U.S.,
with African American leaders and citizens gathering to discuss issues
and advocate for equality and civil rights.
“The Colored Conventions Project, supported by a $75,000 grant from
NEH, is a research hub centered at the University of Delaware that is
using digital tools to bring this nearly forgotten history to light,”
according to an account of the project on the NEH Essentials website.
The project summary notes that the recorded history of the
conventions was previously scattered and unarchived, “but that is
changing now” with the CCP’s work.
Move this whole section up, swapping places with the section above it.
The Colored Conventions movement in the 19th century brought African American leaders and citizens together to advocate for equality.
“In addition to digitized and searchable transcriptions of the
minutes, the project website offers visitors data for text analysis,
teaching tools and digital exhibits that profile convention
participants, map complex social networks, and explore the community
institutions and businesses that supported the conventions,” the NEH
The agency also describes how CCP began with a 2012 graduate seminar
in which Foreman’s students digitally mapped connections between
delegates to various Colored Conventions.
Foreman, who is the Ned B. Allen Professor of English and professor
of history and Africana studies at UD, is also a senior library research
fellow at the University of Delaware Library and an award-winning
teacher and scholar.
Following the graduate seminar, CCP co-founder Jim Casey ’17PhD, then
a doctoral student, proposed moving the project to an academic
platform, and fellow co-founder Sarah Lynn Patterson, a current doctoral
candidate, conducted research on the role of African American women in
The College of Arts and Sciences’ Interdisciplinary Humanities Research Center provided CCP with its first funding.
“The Colored Conventions Project is a team-based digital project
that engages the way thousands of students across the country learn
about racial justice efforts and what tens of thousands of people know
about the long history of civil rights organizing,” Foreman said last
year, when the CCP team won the 10th Modern Language Association Prize
for a Bibliography, Archive or Digital Project.
She acknowledged “the collective efforts of scores of UD project
participants, national teaching partners and hundreds upon hundreds of
volunteers, as well as the enthusiastic support of the College of Arts and Sciences, UD’s dedicated library professionals and leadership and the Department of English.”
Volunteers came to UD's Morris Library in February to celebrate Frederick Douglass' birthday by transcribing minutes for the project.
Also in 2016, the UD Library announced a new agreement with
Accessible Archives and the CCP to allow the innovative use of
Accessible Archives’ databases, including “African American Newspapers:
The 19th Century.”
The agreement allows CCP, along with the project’s national teaching
partners and the thousands of students who engage in original research
through the project’s curriculum, to present images from Accessible
Archives’ databases on the CCP website.
The National Endowment for the Humanities was created in 1965 as an independent federal agency.
Over the years, the agency says, it has awarded more than 64,000
grants totaling $5.5 billion and has leveraged in today’s dollars nearly
$4.1 billion in private matching donations, leading to the creation of
books, films, museum exhibits, online resources and discoveries.
Its new “NEH Essentials” list includes a wide range of projects it
has supported, from underwater archaeology to a 140,000-document
collection of George Washington’s papers to work in preserving the
endangered language of the Tlingit people of the Pacific Northwest.
The selected projects “open a window onto our history and our future …
[and] have shaped what we know about ourselves and our world,” the NEH
Article by Ann Manser; photos by Lane McLaughlin and Evan Krape